Primary Chicken Stock

Primary Chicken Stock
Yields 4
Basic kitchen magic for many uses
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  1. 4 - 5 lb. soup chicken or the necks, wings, and backs from roasters or fryers
  2. 2 medium, unpeeled organic onions
  3. 3 ribs of organic celery, washed and cut in 1" pieces
  4. 3 or 4 sprigs of parsley (a small handful)
  5. 1 medium organic leek, just the white part, split open and well washed
  6. 1 medium parsnip, scrubbed and cut in 1" pieces
  7. 2 medium organic carrots, scrubbed and cut in 1" pieces
  8. 2 bay leaves
  9. 3 cloves of garlic, unpeeled
  10. 1 1/2 t. sea salt
  11. 6 - 8 whole, black peppercorns
  12. Large pinch of each: dried rosemary, thyme, sweet basil, sage, and savory, or about 1 T. of each chopped fresh herb
  13. Large pinch of celery seed
  14. 1 - 2 T. cider vinegar or freshly squeezed lemon juice
  1. Rinse the chicken, leaving on the skin, but remove any big lumps of fat. Place chicken in 8 qt. pot with all the vegetables. In an unbleached coffee filter or a tea infuser cage, place the dried herbs and secure tightly with string. If using fresh herbs, hold off until instructed later. Pour over the water and vinegar or lemon juice.
  2. Bring liquid to a gentle simmer over medium heat, uncovered. Skim top if necessary (will keep the stock clearer). Simmer for 2 1/2 - 3 hours. Stir occasionally and add water as needed to keep total volume around 1/2 of pot (4 qts.). If you are using fresh herbs, add after about 1 1/2 - 2 hours of cooking time.
  3. Remove the stock from heat and strain into a clean container (I use a smaller soup pot). Press well on the vegetables and discard. Do not press on the fresh herb bundle, however. They can suddenly become bitter. Their flavors have all been added to the stock and will not enhance any secondary dish. Bone the chicken but DO NOT put the meat back in the stock unless you are continuing on to the finished use for this stock immediately. Boned chicken can be used in other recipes (think Chicken Pot Pie or Chicken Salad) or added back at the end of a chicken soup recipe. It is already very well cooked and should not be subject to more heat in a soup recipe - add at the end.
  4. Stock should be chilled and defatted before continuing. Freeze defatted stock for up to 6 months. Will save under refrigeration for 2 - 3 days. Do not attempt to can, as home canning methods are not safe for non-acidified foods. The small amount of vinegar in this soup is not sufficient to be considered for canning.
  5. You may concentrate this stock by up to 1/2 by simmering the strained stock down before defatting and storage. Remember to reconstitute when using for cooking.
  1. You may wonder if it really is necessary to include the parsnip and leek. These two "secret" ingredients add a complete flavor to the stock. No, you don't HAVE to use them, but you'll be pleased at how they enhance the quality of the stock if you do.
Grassroots Farm, LLC

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All You Need to Know Before Choosing the Best Bath Bombs

Bath bombs have become very popular nowadays. This form of bath fizzes adds essential oils, color and scents to your bathwater making bathing more enjoyable.

The ingredients used in bath bombs vary greatly. But, the primary ingredients are usually a bicarbonate and citric acid. When dry, these two ingredients do not react. But, once they are dropped in the water, the ingredients breaks apart and release carbon dioxide. The gas produced forms bubbles at the bottom of the bathtub or on your legs. This brings about the tingly and tickling sensation you feel once you hit the bath tub. As this happens, the fragrances, colorants, as well as the other ingredients in the bath bomb, are released. This process takes about two minutes.

Other ingredients used in bath bombs include essential oils. These oils give the water a pleasant fragrance. Some of them come with extra items such as petals, flowers, and glitters. They also come in different scents, colors, shapes and sizes.

Some people like to make their own bath bombs. While this is a good idea, you need to ensure you get the ingredients right. Some of the ingredients that you may use are citric acid, baking soda, cornstarch, water, salt, essential oil, and colorants. These ingredients, however, vary depending on individual taste and preferences. The benefits of making your own bath bombs are plenty. Firstly, you don’t have to pay the exorbitant price that comes with some bath bombs. Secondly, you have the freedom to choose the ingredients that you want. This is particularly favorable to individuals who have sensitive skin.

Tips for Choosing the Best Bath Bombs

With so many bath bomb products in the market, it can be overwhelming to choose the one that is perfect for you. Below are some useful tips that will enable your search for the best bath bomb to be less tedious, and more fun.

1.   Quality– This should be your first concern before you purchase the bath bomb. Choose a high-quality bath bomb for the best bath experience.

2.   Residue– Many bath bombs tend to leave residues on your bath tub. Unless you like cleaning up after an invigorating shower, then it is best you select one that doesn’t leave residue and stain your bathtub.

3.   Ingredients– The ingredients in the bath bombs are very crucial. You should ensure you buy one that doesn’t have any harmful substances added to it. Additionally, you should stay away from the ones that have irritants. Limonene, alpha-isomethyl ionone, and linalool have been proved to be the most common irritants.

If you have sensitive skin, then it is advisable you choose the ones that are made from essential oils and natural ingredients.

4.    Customer reviews– If you ever find yourself at a loss on which bath bomb is perfect for you, then you should do a little bit of research. Go to various sites, such as Amazon, and see which product has the highest customer satisfaction.

5.    Personal taste and preference– Okay, so you have done your research and found a variety of great bath bombs in the market. The next step is to determine the scent and even the color that is appealing to you. After all, everyone has their own unique tastes

6.    Long-lasting– The best bath bombs are the ones that last for a long time in the bathtub. It should fill the room with its relaxing aroma until you are through with your bath.


•    The essential oils aid in relieving pain and muscle cramps.

•    The salts in the bath bomb soften the water, thus moisturizing your skin.

•    Once they dissolve in the water, they enable the soap to lather efficiently.

•    They promote the health of your skin making it glow.

•    They also promote the health of your hair.

•    They act as stress relievers due to the calming effect they have on the body.

Different bath bombs come with their own fragrance, features, and benefits. This makes it challenging when it comes to choosing the best bath bomb. But, if you follow these simple tips, then you will be on your way to a sensational bath experience.

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